Musil, Robert

(1880–1942)
   Educated in military academies and as an engineer who wrote a dissertation on the physicist Ernst Mach, Musil was one of Austria’s most important novelists and essayists in the first half of the 20th century. His first success, the novella Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törless (Young Törless, 1906), deals with adolescent encounters with sexuality and violence and the inadequacy of language for expressing the emotional and instinctive side of human existence.
   Musil’s sprawling masterpiece, Der Man ohne Eigenschaften (The Man without Qualities), was published posthumously in 1952, after appearing as fragments in 1930, 1933, and 1943. Only gradually incorporated into the German literary canon, it is a pitiless analysis of the weaknesses and delusions of cultural and social life in the last years of the Habsburg Empire and of modern societal conventions generally. The tension between reason and emotion, particularly its erotic side, plays a crucial role in the work as well. Though by 1930 he had won several literary awards in German literature, including the prestigious Kleist (1923) and Gerhart Hauptmann (1930) prizes, Musil died in poverty in Switzerland, to which he had immigrated in 1938.
   See also Literature.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Musil, Robert — (1880 1942), writer; his fiction and essays explored a realm between philosophy and literature. Born in Klagenfurt, Austria,* to a respected engineer, he grew up an only child in the Habsburg Empire. During 1898 1901, after six years in military… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Musil, Robert — ▪ Austrian writer also called  Robert, Edler (Nobleman) Von Musil  born Nov. 6, 1880, Klagenfurt, Austria died April 15, 1942, Geneva, Switz.       Austrian German novelist, best known for his monumental unfinished novel Der Mann ohne… …   Universalium

  • Musil, Robert — ► (1880 1942) Novelista austríaco. Autor de El hombre sin atributos, obra incompleta cuya primera parte se publicó en 1930 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Musil — Musil, Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Musil — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Musil en 1918. Robert Musil (Klagenfurt, 6 de noviembre de 1880 – Ginebra, 15 de abril de 1942) fue un escritor austríaco. Su obra más conoci …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Müller (Schriftsteller) — Robert Müller (* 29. Oktober 1887 in Wien; † 27. August 1924 ebenda) war ein österreichischer Schriftsteller, Journalist und Verleger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Werkausgabe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Musil — (Robert von) (1880 1942) écrivain autrichien: les Désarrois de l élève Törless (roman, 1906); les Exaltés (drame, 1921); Trois femmes (nouvelles, 1924); l Homme sans qualités (4 vol.: 1930, 1933, 1943 et 1952, inachevé) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert Musil — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Musil. Robert Musil …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Musil: Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften — Der Roman Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften ist das Hauptwerk Robert Musils. Er gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Romane des 20. Jahrhunderts. [1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Entstehungsgeschichte 2 Inhalt 3 Gehalt und Rezeption 4 Figuren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Musil — Infobox Writer name = Robert Musil imagesize = caption = pseudonym = birthdate = birth date|1880|11|6|mf=y birthplace = Klagenfurt, Austria deathdate = death date and age|1942|4|15|1880|11|6|mf=y deathplace = Geneva, Switzerland occupation =… …   Wikipedia

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